The General Assembly finds that:
3. Teaching hospitals and related facilities of high quality are essential both to provide high levels of health care and to promote medical and health sciences education, because such hospitals and related facilities (i) provide facilities necessary to train physicians and other health sciences professionals, (ii) provide medical services not generally available at other hospitals, and (iii) treat patients of the type and on the scale necessary to facilitate medical research and to attract physicians, faculty members, researchers and other persons necessary to maintain quality medical and health sciences education;
4. The missions of the Medical College of Virginia Hospitals are to (i) serve as a general hospital and health care facility, (ii) facilitate and support the health education, research and public service activities of the Health Sciences Schools of the Medical College of Virginia, Health Sciences Division of Virginia Commonwealth University, (iii) provide high quality patient care and other specialized health services not widely available in the Commonwealth, including the provision of medical care to indigent patients, (iv) serve as the principal teaching and training hospital for undergraduate and graduate students of the Schools of the Health Sciences Division of Virginia Commonwealth University, and (v) provide a site for faculty members of the Health Sciences Division of Virginia Commonwealth University to conduct medical and biomedical research, all of which missions constitute essential governmental functions for protecting and promoting the health and welfare of the citizens of the Commonwealth;
5. Such hospital, health care and related facilities require specialized management and operation to remain economically viable, to earn revenues necessary for their operation, and to engage in arrangements with public and private entities and other activities, taking into account changes that have occurred or may occur in the future in the provision of health care and related services; and
6. The needs of the citizens of the Commonwealth and the needs of the Health Sciences Division of Virginia Commonwealth University will best be served if the Medical College of Virginia Hospitals are transferred to and operated by an independent public authority charged with the missions of operating such Hospitals as teaching hospitals for the benefit of the Schools of the Health Sciences Division of Virginia Commonwealth University, providing high quality patient care, and providing a site for medical and biomedical research, all in close affiliation with the Health Sciences Division of Virginia Commonwealth University so that the public authority does not duplicate or compete with the undergraduate and graduate programs, research, training and teaching facilities offered at or operated by the University.
The exercise of the powers permitted by this chapter shall be deemed the performance of essential governmental functions and matters of public necessity for the entire Commonwealth in the provision of health care, medical and health sciences education and research, for which public moneys may be borrowed, loaned, spent or otherwise utilized and for which private property may be utilized or acquired.
1996, cc. 905, 1046.