When a husband and his wife have signed and delivered a writing purporting to convey any estate, real or personal, such writing, whether admitted to record or not, shall (i) if delivered prior to January 1, 1991, operate to convey from the spouse her right of dower or his right of curtesy in the real estate embraced therein, and (ii) if delivered after December 31, 1990, operate to manifest the spouse’s written consent or joinder, as contemplated in § 64.2-305 or 64.2-308.9 to the transfer embraced therein. In either case, the writing passes from such spouse and his or her representatives all right, title and interest of every nature which at the date of such writing he or she may have in any estate conveyed thereby as effectually as if he or she were at such date an unmarried person. If, in either case, the writing is a deed conveying a spouse’s land, no covenant or warranty therein on behalf of the other spouse joining in the deed shall operate to bind him or her any further than to convey her or his interest in such land, unless it is expressly stated that such spouse enters into such covenant or warranty for the purpose of binding himself or herself personally.
Code 1919, § 5211; 1977, c. 147; 1990, c. 831; 1991, c. 625; 1992, cc. 617, 647; 2016, cc. 187, 269.